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Encrypting files and emails: A beginner’s guide to securing sensitive information

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Encryption is the process of converting plain text or data into an unreadable format using an encryption algorithm, which can only be deciphered or decrypted by those who have the decryption key. Encryption plays a crucial role in ensuring data confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity.
Encrypting files and emails is important because they may contain sensitive information that could be intercepted or accessed by unauthorized users. Encryption adds an extra layer of security to protect against the risks. Encryption is also becoming more important for organisations in order to comply with privacy and data protection regulations.
To encrypt files, you can follow some simple steps, including identifying the file, choosing an encryption software, selecting the encryption algorithm, creating a strong password, and starting the encryption process. To encrypt emails, you can use email encryption tools and software, such as PGP and S/MIME, and select the option to encrypt the email and choose the public key of the recipient.
Encrypting files and emails is a critical tool in protecting sensitive information from unauthorized access, interception, and tampering. By following the steps outlined above, you can ensure that your files and emails are encrypted using strong encryption algorithms and passwords or passphrases, and that your sensitive information is kept secure and protected.

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